Die Abstinenz von tierischem Essen!

Ausschnitte aus der Biographie aus dem Leben des Pythagoras

Pythagoras in Raphael's School of Athens, 1509-1510

Pythagoras in Raphael’s
School of Athens, 1509-1510

Excerpts from the biographies on the Life of Pythagoras by Diogenes Laertius (3rd c); The Life of Pythagoras by Porphyry (ca233-306); Iamblichus of Syrian Chalcis’s Life of Pythagoras (ca280-333); and an Anonymous Biography on the Life of Pythagoras, Preserved by Photius (ca 820-891) in The Complete Pythagoras, translated by Kenneth Sylvan Guthrie

Eudoxus, in the second book of his Description of the Earth, writes that Pythagoras used the greatest Purity, and was shocked at all bloodshed and killing; that he not only abstained from animal food, but never in any way approached butchers or hunters. (Eudoxus, Description of the Earth qtd in Porphyry, Life of Pythagoras, 7)

Authors state that a trainer of the name of Pythagoras certainly did train his athletes on [meat], but that it was not our philosopher; for that he even forbade men to kill animals at all, much less would he have allowed his disciples to eat them, as having a right to live in common with mankind. (Diogenes, Life of Pythagoras, XII „Diet and Sacrifices“)

As we do sacrifice to the Phoebus whom
Pythagoras worships, never eating aught
Which has the breath of life.
(Innesimachus, Alcmaeon qtd in Diogenes, Life of Pythagoras, XX „Poetic Testimonies“)

They eat nothing but herbs and vegetables,
and drink Pure water only.
(Austophon, Pythagorean qtd in Diogenes, Life of Pythagoras, XX „Poetic Testimonies“)

You are not the only man who has abstained
From living food; for so have we
And who, I’d like to know, did ever taste
Food while alive, most sage Pythagoras?
(qtd in Diogenes, Life of Pythagoras, XXIII „Ridiculing Epigrams“)

Pythagoras was, so wise a man, that he
Never ate meant himself, and called it sin.
(qtd in Diogenes, Life of Pythagoras, XXIII „Ridiculing Epigrams“).